Andy Cooper - Seamheads Negro Leagues Database

Andy Cooper



Andrew Lewis Cooper


Born: April 4, 1896
in Washington County, TX
Died: June 3, 1941 in Waco, TX
          (45 years old)

Bats: R
Throws: L
Ht: 5'10"
Wt: 200
Biographical
Wikipedia BR Bullpen SABR Bio Project SABR Index
Photos & Videos
Google Photos / + Baseball Yahoo Photos / + Baseball MLB.com YouTube

Notes:


• Inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 2006
• College: Paul Quinn College (Dallas, TX)
• Buried: Greenwood Cemetery (Waco, TX)
• Visit Manager Page


Teammates


Glossary
# Pos First Last Team
1
CF
10
1923
1939
MULT
24.2
24.1
2.0
-0.8
-1.1
2
SS
7
1920
1926
DS
13.0
4.8
5.3
0.0
3.0
3
2B
10
1928
1939
MULT
12.8
7.3
4.0
0.0
1.5
4
SP
4
1936
1939
KCM/CAG
12.8
1.0
0.0
11.8
0.0
5
1B
7
1920
1927
DS/HAB
12.5
11.9
2.2
0.0
-1.7
6
LF
5
1935
1939
KCM/WES
9.9
9.3
0.8
0.0
-0.2
7
SP
6
1928
1935
KCM
9.3
0.5
-0.1
8.9
0.0
8
SP
3
1920
1922
DS
8.7
-1.6
0.0
10.3
0.0
9
1B
2
1927
1930
DS
8.4
5.5
0.0
3.4
-0.5
10
SP
3
1921
1923
DS
7.9
0.9
0.2
6.8
0.0
11
CF
8
1928
1938
WES/KCM
7.6
6.7
-0.8
2.0
-0.3
12
SP
2
1928
1929
KCM
6.9
0.6
0.0
6.2
0.0
13
RF
4
1922
1925
DS
5.9
5.7
1.5
-0.1
-1.1
14
SP
2
1920
1921
DS
5.6
1.2
0.0
4.5
0.0
15
2B
3
1920
1922
DS
5.4
2.3
2.6
0.0
0.5
16
RF
4
1928
1936
KCM/WES
5.3
4.1
2.1
0.0
-0.8
17
SP
1
1923-24
1923-24
HAB
5.2
0.4
-0.1
4.8
0.0
18
C
6
1928
1935
KCM
4.5
2.9
1.3
0.0
0.4
19
C
7
1928
1938
KCM/CAG
4.4
2.9
1.0
0.0
0.5
20
CF
2
1922
1923-24
DS/HAB
4.3
2.9
1.8
0.0
-0.4
21
CF
1
1920
1920
DS
4.2
3.4
1.1
-0.1
-0.2
22
SP
3
1925
1927
DS
4.1
1.3
0.5
2.4
-0.1
23
SS
3
1927
1929
DS/KCM
4.0
2.9
0.3
0.0
0.8
24
SP
3
1937
1939
KCM
4.0
-0.2
0.0
4.2
0.0
25
SP
1
1923-24
1923-24
HAB
4.0
-0.4
0.0
4.3
0.0
26
1B
3
1928
1934
KCM
3.5
2.9
1.0
0.0
-0.4
27
3B
6
1928
1935
KCM
3.5
3.6
-0.6
0.0
0.5
28
CF
2
1920
1921
DS
3.4
3.3
0.4
0.0
-0.3
29
LF
6
1922
1927
DS
3.3
2.3
1.6
0.0
-0.6
30
SP
2
1928
1929
KCM
3.3
0.1
0.0
3.1
0.0
31
SP
1
1930
1930
DS
3.2
-0.1
0.0
3.3
0.0
32
SS
3
1937
1939
CAG/KCM
3.1
2.7
0.2
0.0
0.3
33
RF
5
1935
1939
MULT
3.1
4.0
-0.3
0.0
-0.7
34
2B
5
1928
1934
KCM
2.9
3.7
-0.6
0.0
-0.1
35
2B
4
1923
1926
DS
2.9
2.2
0.2
0.0
0.5
36
1B
1
1924
1924
DS
2.8
2.6
0.5
0.0
-0.2
37
SP
1
1939
1939
KCM
2.8
-0.2
0.0
2.9
0.0
38
SP
3
1925
1927
DS
2.5
0.2
0.1
2.3
0.0
39
SP
2
1937
1938
KCM
2.5
0.2
0.0
2.3
0.0
40
SP
3
1925
1927
DS
2.4
1.0
0.0
1.5
-0.1
41
SP
2
1936
1937
WES/CAG
2.3
-0.3
0.0
2.6
0.0
42
SP
1
1923-24
1923-24
HAB
2.1
0.3
0.0
1.8
0.0
43
SS
2
1936
1937
WES/CAG
2.1
1.6
0.3
0.0
0.2
44
RF
2
1923-24
1927
HAB/DS
2.0
2.1
-0.1
0.4
-0.4
45
3B
2
1938
1939
KCM
2.0
1.3
0.5
0.0
0.1
46
CF
7
1928
1937
KCM/WES
1.9
2.8
-0.7
0.0
-0.3
47
3B
1
1937
1937
KCM
1.7
1.2
0.5
0.0
0.1
48
SP
5
1931
1939
KCM
1.7
0.1
0.0
1.6
0.0
49
SP
2
1931
1937
KCM/CAG
1.6
0.2
0.0
1.4
0.0
50
SP
2
1931
1937
KCM
1.5
-0.1
0.0
1.7
0.0
51
SP
1
1930
1930
DS
1.5
0.3
0.0
1.2
0.0
52
SP
5
1935
1939
MULT
1.4
-0.2
0.0
1.7
0.0
53
SP
1
1923-24
1923-24
HAB
1.4
0.1
0.0
1.3
0.0
54
SP
2
1928
1929
KCM
1.4
-0.1
0.0
1.5
0.0
55
SS
1
1923-24
1923-24
HAB
1.4
0.8
0.2
0.0
0.4
56
3B
2
1922
1924
DS
1.3
0.4
0.8
0.0
0.1
57
SP
4
1925
1928
DS/KCM
1.3
0.6
0.0
1.0
-0.3
58
SS
1
1930
1930
DS
1.3
0.7
0.2
0.0
0.5
59
LF
1
1930
1930
DS
1.3
1.7
-0.1
0.0
-0.3
60
1B
3
1935
1938
KCM
1.3
1.3
0.4
0.0
-0.4
61
SP
2
1936
1937
CAG/WES
1.3
-0.2
0.0
1.5
0.0
62
3B
1
1937
1937
CAG
1.2
0.6
0.5
0.0
0.1
63
2B
1
1927
1927
DS
1.2
0.9
0.0
0.0
0.3
64
SP
1
1923-24
1923-24
HAB
1.1
0.0
0.0
1.0
0.0
65
LF
2
1928
1929
KCM
1.0
2.4
-1.0
0.0
-0.5
66
SP
1
1926
1926
DS
0.9
0.0
0.0
1.0
0.0
67
SP
1
1935
1935
KCM
0.9
0.0
0.0
1.0
0.0
68
LF
1
1923-24
1923-24
HAB
0.9
0.7
0.3
0.0
-0.1
69
2B
1
1923-24
1923-24
HAB
0.8
0.6
0.1
0.0
0.1
70
SP
1
1930
1930
DS
0.8
-0.3
0.0
1.1
0.0
71
C
1
1930
1930
DS
0.8
0.8
-0.1
0.0
0.2
72
3B
1
1936
1936
KCM/WES
0.7
0.9
-0.2
0.0
0.0
73
SP
1
1936
1936
KCM
0.7
0.0
0.0
0.7
0.0
74
C
1
1923-24
1923-24
HAB
0.7
0.8
-0.3
0.0
0.2
75
SP
1
1923
1923
DS
0.7
0.4
-0.1
0.4
-0.1
76
RF
2
1937
1938
KCM/CAG
0.6
0.1
0.5
0.0
0.0
77
C
3
1936
1938
KCM/WES
0.6
0.6
-0.1
0.0
0.1
78
SP
1
1938
1938
KCM
0.5
0.0
0.0
0.6
0.0
79
3B
3
1920
1926
DS
0.5
-1.1
1.2
0.0
0.4
80
RP
1
1938
1938
KCM
0.5
0.0
0.0
0.5
0.0
81
RF
3
1920
1926
DS
0.4
0.6
0.0
0.0
-0.1
82
RF
2
1930
1936
DS/WES
0.4
0.4
0.2
0.0
-0.1
83
1B
1
1927
1927
DS
0.4
0.6
0.0
0.0
-0.2
84
CF
1
1923
1923
DS
0.4
0.4
0.1
0.0
0.0
85
RF
1
1923-24
1923-24
HAB
0.4
0.0
0.4
0.0
-0.1
86
C
2
1937
1939
KCM/CAG
0.4
0.3
0.1
0.0
0.1
87
SS
2
1937
1938
KCM
0.4
0.0
-0.1
0.0
0.5
88
2B
1
1921
1921
DS
0.4
-0.1
0.5
0.0
0.1
89
SP
1
1922
1922
DS
0.4
-0.3
0.0
0.6
0.0
90
RP
2
1937
1938
KCM
0.4
-0.1
0.0
0.4
0.0
91
LF
1
1937
1937
CAG
0.3
0.1
0.2
0.0
0.0
92
3B
1
1923-24
1923-24
HAB
0.3
0.6
-0.4
0.0
0.1
93
1B
2
1938
1939
KCM
0.3
1.0
-0.3
0.0
-0.4
94
RP
1
1924
1924
DS
0.3
0.0
0.0
0.3
0.0
95
RF
1
1934
1934
KCM
0.3
0.3
0.1
0.0
0.0
96
SP
1
1927
1927
DS
0.3
-0.2
0.0
0.5
0.0
97
C
2
1935
1936
KCM
0.3
0.3
0.0
0.0
0.0
98
3B
4
1923
1927
DS
0.2
-0.6
0.3
0.0
0.6
99
RP
1
1931
1931
KCM
0.2
-0.1
0.0
0.3
0.0
100
3B
1
1930
1930
DS
0.2
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.1
101
RP
1
1931
1931
KCM
0.2
0.2
-0.3
0.3
0.0
102
C
1
1939
1939
KCM
0.2
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.1
103
C
1
1921
1921
DS
0.2
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.1
104
SP
2
1926
1937
CAG/DS
0.2
-0.2
0.0
0.3
0.0
105
RP
1
1924
1924
DS
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.0
106
LF
2
1920
1921
DS
0.2
-0.3
0.7
0.0
-0.1
107
SP
1
1939
1939
KCM
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.0
108
SP
1
1920
1920
DS
0.2
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
109
CF
1
1937
1937
KCM
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
110
RP
1
1936
1936
KCM
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.0
111
RP
1
1939
1939
KCM
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.0
112
2B
1
1923-24
1923-24
HAB
0.1
-0.2
0.3
0.0
0.1
113
RF
2
1920
1925
DS
0.1
0.2
0.1
-0.1
-0.1
114
RP
1
1939
1939
KCM
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
115
RP
1
1923-24
1923-24
HAB
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
116
C
1
1924
1924
DS
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
117
3B
2
1937
1938
KCM/CAG
0.1
0.3
-0.2
0.0
0.0
118
CF
2
1936
1937
WES/CAG
0.1
0.4
-0.3
0.0
0.0
119
C
2
1936
1937
WES/CAG
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
120
RF
1
1926
1926
DS
0.1
1.3
-0.9
0.0
-0.3
121
SS
1
1937
1937
CAG
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
122
RP
1
1920
1920
DS
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
123
-
1
1938
1938
KCM
0.1
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
124
SP
1
1920
1920
DS
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
125
RP
1
1923
1923
DS
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
126
SP
2
1936
1937
KCM
0.1
-0.2
0.0
0.3
0.0
127
CF
1
1922
1922
DS
0.1
0.4
-0.3
0.0
-0.1
128
SP
1
1920
1920
DS
0.1
-0.1
0.0
0.2
0.0
129
RP
1
1937
1937
CAG/KCM
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
130
RP
2
1924
1926
DS
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
131
RP
1
1938
1938
KCM
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
132
RP
1
1937
1937
KCM
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
133
2B
2
1925
1930
DS
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
134
C
1
1938
1938
KCM
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
135
RP
1
1937
1937
CAG
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
136
LF
1
1921
1921
DS
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
137
RP
1
1923-24
1923-24
HAB
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
138
LF
1
1939
1939
KCM
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
139
C
1
1937
1937
CAG
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
140
3B
1
1923
1923
DS
0.0
0.1
-0.1
0.0
0.0
141
CF
1
1937
1937
KCM
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
142
RP
1
1923-24
1923-24
HAB
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
143
-
1
1939
1939
KCM
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
144
C
1
1926
1926
DS
0.0
0.0
-0.1
0.0
0.1
145
RF
1
1939
1939
KCM
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
146
LF
1
1931
1931
KCM
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
-0.1
147
-
1
1928
1928
KCM
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
148
-
1
1937
1937
CAG
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
149
-
1
1937
1937
CAG
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
150
-
1
1935
1935
KCM
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
151
SP
1
1924
1924
DS
0.0
-0.1
0.0
0.1
0.0
152
RP
1
1923
1923
DS
0.0
0.0
0.1
-0.1
0.0
153
RP
2
1933
1934
KCM
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
154
-
1
1922
1922
DS
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
155
LF
1
1939
1939
KCM
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
156
RP
1
1937
1937
CAG
0.0
-0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
157
RF
1
1930
1930
DS
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
-0.1
158
C
1
1927
1927
DS
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
159
-
1
1926
1926
DS
0.0
-0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
160
CF
2
1937
1938
KCM/CAG
0.0
0.4
-0.4
0.0
-0.1
161
SP
1
1927
1927
DS
0.0
0.3
0.0
-0.4
0.0
162
-
1
1937
1937
CAG
-0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
163
-
1
1922
1922
DS
-0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
164
1B
1
1923-24
1923-24
HAB
-0.1
-0.1
0.1
0.0
-0.1
165
RP
1
1921
1921
DS
-0.1
0.0
0.0
-0.1
0.0
166
-
1
1927
1927
DS
-0.1
0.0
0.0
-0.1
0.0
167
RF
1
1931
1931
KCM
-0.1
0.2
-0.2
0.0
-0.1
168
-
1
1923-24
1923-24
HAB
-0.1
0.1
0.0
-0.2
0.0
169
C
1
1920
1920
DS
-0.1
-0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
170
1B
1
1937
1937
CAG
-0.1
-0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
171
LF
1
1923-24
1923-24
HAB
-0.1
0.0
-0.1
0.0
0.0
172
-
1
1923-24
1923-24
HAB
-0.1
0.1
0.0
-0.1
0.0
173
-
1
1938
1938
KCM
-0.1
0.0
0.0
-0.1
0.0
174
-
1
1938
1938
KCM
-0.1
0.0
-0.1
0.0
0.0
175
3B
1
1921
1921
DS
-0.1
0.2
-0.5
0.0
0.2
176
C
1
1923-24
1923-24
HAB
-0.1
-0.2
0.1
0.0
0.0
177
3B
1
1923-24
1923-24
HAB
-0.1
0.0
-0.2
0.0
0.1
178
CF
1
1923-24
1923-24
HAB
-0.1
0.6
-0.6
0.0
-0.1
179
LF
1
1938
1938
KCM
-0.1
0.0
-0.1
0.0
0.0
180
-
1
1923
1923
DS
-0.1
-0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
181
-
1
1937
1937
CAG
-0.1
0.0
-0.1
0.0
0.0
182
-
1
1937
1937
CAG
-0.1
-0.2
0.3
-0.2
0.0
183
-
1
1935
1935
KCM
-0.1
0.0
0.0
-0.1
0.0
184
-
1
1924
1924
DS
-0.1
0.0
0.0
-0.1
0.0
185
SP
2
1927
1930
DS
-0.2
0.0
0.0
-0.2
0.0
186
C
1
1925
1925
DS
-0.2
-0.3
0.0
0.0
0.1
187
-
1
1937
1937
CAG
-0.2
0.2
0.0
-0.3
0.0
188
SP
2
1921
1922
DS
-0.2
-0.3
0.0
0.1
0.0
189
-
1
1921
1921
DS
-0.2
0.0
0.0
-0.2
0.0
190
SP
1
1925
1925
DS
-0.2
0.1
0.0
-0.3
0.0
191
C
1
1923-24
1923-24
HAB
-0.2
0.3
-0.5
0.0
0.0
192
2B
2
1921
1926
DS
-0.2
0.0
-0.1
-0.1
0.0
193
-
1
1936
1936
KCM
-0.2
0.0
0.0
-0.2
0.0
194
3B
1
1939
1939
KCM
-0.2
-0.2
0.0
0.0
0.1
195
RF
1
1930
1930
DS
-0.2
0.0
0.0
-0.1
0.0
196
-
1
1920
1920
DS
-0.2
0.0
0.0
-0.2
0.0
197
C
6
1920
1925
DS
-0.2
-0.2
-0.4
0.0
0.4
198
-
1
1922
1922
DS
-0.2
-0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
199
RP
1
1937
1937
CAG
-0.2
0.2
-0.1
-0.3
0.0
200
3B
1
1925
1925
DS
-0.2
-0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
201
LF
2
1936
1937
CAG/WES
-0.2
-0.2
0.2
0.0
-0.2
202
-
1
1937
1937
CAG
-0.2
0.0
0.0
-0.2
0.0
203
-
1
1921
1921
DS
-0.2
0.0
0.0
-0.3
0.0
204
3B
1
1920
1920
DS
-0.2
-0.5
0.2
0.0
0.0
205
1B
1
1925
1925
DS
-0.2
-0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
206
RF
1
1933
1933
KCM
-0.3
0.0
-0.3
0.0
0.0
207
-
1
1938
1938
KCM
-0.3
0.0
-0.2
0.0
0.0
208
-
1
1933
1933
KCM
-0.3
-0.1
-0.2
0.0
0.0
209
RF
1
1937
1937
KCM
-0.3
0.1
-0.3
0.0
-0.1
210
3B
1
1922
1922
DS
-0.3
0.6
-1.0
0.0
0.2
211
LF
1
1928
1928
KCM
-0.3
0.0
-0.3
0.0
0.0
212
LF
2
1920
1921
DS
-0.3
-0.1
0.2
-0.2
-0.3
213
RP
1
1934
1934
KCM
-0.3
0.0
0.0
-0.3
0.0
214
RF
1
1923-24
1923-24
HAB
-0.3
0.0
-0.2
0.0
-0.1
215
-
1
1920
1920
DS
-0.3
0.0
0.0
-0.3
0.0
216
2B
1
1923-24
1923-24
HAB
-0.3
0.1
-0.5
0.0
0.1
217
-
1
1923
1923
DS
-0.4
-0.2
-0.2
0.0
0.0
218
-
2
1935
1936
KCM
-0.4
-0.1
0.0
-0.3
0.0
219
RP
2
1938
1939
KCM
-0.4
-0.1
0.0
-0.3
0.0
220
-
1
1924
1924
DS
-0.4
0.1
0.0
-0.5
0.0
221
-
1
1937
1937
CAG
-0.4
-0.3
-0.1
0.0
0.0
222
C
1
1939
1939
KCM
-0.4
-0.5
0.0
0.0
0.1
223
1B
2
1931
1936
WES/KCM
-0.4
0.2
-0.6
0.0
-0.1
224
C
1
1923-24
1923-24
HAB
-0.4
-0.3
-0.1
0.0
0.0
225
-
1
1923
1923
DS
-0.5
0.0
0.0
-0.4
0.0
226
RP
1
1937
1937
CAG
-0.5
0.0
0.0
-0.4
0.0
227
3B
2
1925
1926
DS
-0.5
0.5
-1.3
0.0
0.2
228
-
1
1921
1921
DS
-0.5
-0.1
-0.4
0.0
0.0
229
SP
1
1926
1926
DS
-0.5
-0.1
0.0
-0.4
0.0
230
2B
2
1927
1930
DS
-0.6
-0.6
0.0
0.0
0.1
231
SP
1
1920
1920
DS
-0.6
-0.1
0.0
-0.5
0.0
232
-
1
1937
1937
CAG
-0.6
-0.5
0.0
0.0
-0.1
233
C
1
1924
1924
DS
-0.6
-0.4
-0.2
0.0
0.1
234
RF
1
1930
1930
DS
-0.6
-0.2
-0.2
0.0
-0.2
235
LF
1
1921
1921
DS
-0.6
-0.1
-0.4
0.0
0.0
236
-
1
1923-24
1923-24
HAB
-0.6
0.0
0.0
-0.6
0.0
237
-
1
1921
1921
DS
-0.6
-0.2
-0.2
-0.2
0.0
238
C
1
1920
1920
DS
-0.6
-0.3
-0.4
0.0
0.0
239
SS
1
1927
1927
DS
-0.6
-0.8
0.0
0.0
0.1
240
C
2
1921
1922
DS
-0.6
-0.3
-0.5
0.0
0.2
241
LF
1
1921
1921
DS
-0.7
-0.3
-0.3
0.0
-0.1
242
-
1
1921
1921
DS
-0.7
-0.5
-0.2
0.0
0.0
243
-
1
1937
1937
CAG
-0.8
-0.4
-0.5
0.0
0.1
244
CF
1
1923-24
1923-24
HAB
-0.9
0.4
-1.1
0.0
-0.1
245
RF
2
1920
1923-24
DS/HAB
-0.9
-0.1
-0.7
0.0
-0.2
246
SP
2
1924
1925
DS
-0.9
-0.3
0.0
-0.6
0.0
247
RP
2
1938
1939
KCM
-0.9
-0.1
0.0
-0.8
0.0
248
SP
2
1925
1926
DS
-0.9
-0.1
0.0
-0.9
0.0
249
3B
1
1923-24
1923-24
HAB
-1.0
-0.4
-0.7
0.0
0.1
250
C
8
1921
1930
DS
-1.0
-1.1
-0.9
0.0
0.9
251
SP
3
1923
1925
DS
-1.1
-0.2
0.0
-0.9
0.0
252
2B
2
1930
1931
KCM/DS
-1.2
-1.5
0.1
0.0
0.2
253
-
1
1923
1923
DS
-1.6
-0.9
-0.7
0.0
0.1
254
-
1
1921
1921
DS
-2.3
-1.2
-0.9
0.0
-0.2
255
LF
4
1922
1926
DS
-2.6
-1.1
-1.0
0.0
-0.5
256
SP
4
1923
1926
DS
-3.3
-0.7
0.0
-2.6
0.0

If you have any questions regarding Negro Leagues statistical or biographical data, please contact gary@seamheads.com..

All biographical data, copyright 2011-2018 Gary Ashwill.

Playing statistics for 1887-1922 and 1926-1938, as well as all Cuban League games (1902-1928) and Negro League vs. Major League games (1887-1944), copyright 2011-2018 Gary Ashwill.

Playing statistics for 1923 (except Negro League vs. Major League games), copyright 2011-2018 Patrick Rock.

Playing statistics for 1933 and 1943, copyright 2013-2018 Scott Simkus.

Playing statistics for 1924-1925, 1939-1942, and 1944-1946 Negro Leagues (not including Cuban League and Negro League vs. Major League games), copyright 2011-2018 Larry Lester, Wayne Stivers, Gary Ashwill.


Defensive Regression Analysis data used here was obtained with permission from Michael Humphreys, author of Wizardry

Win Shares are calculated using the formula in the book Win Shares by Bill James